1st International Congress of Musicology

Athens Goethe Institute, 25-27 February 2002

Paper Abstracts

Michalis Patseas

The Value and Place of Music in the Education and Society of Hungary after 1950

Between the 1950’s and 1990’s an up to that time unknown “socialization” of music was achieved in Hungary. Specific historical, political and cultural conditions contributed to that goal, succoured by the personality of Zoltán Kodály. In the musical-pedagogical Hungarian building up (the Kodály system), a great deal of emphasis was given to the organization of the general musical pedagogy, mainly in the Kindergarden and the elementary school, in the setting up of music teachers as well as in the “Primary Schools of Singing – Music”. Extensive research has shown the positive results of this musical education in a number of educational and social sectors. Kodály’s philosophy centres around the value of music. The ambivalence of this value seems to be shaking nowadays the grounds of humanistic pedagogy.

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