Abstracts of issue 1/1985 (1)
The Meaning of Athematism in
The point of this article is to show that athematism in
Weberns’ last twelve-note works (i.e. op. 27), as well as in the first atonal works of the second Vienna School (i.e.
Schoenberg’s Six little pieces for piano, op. 19, or
Berg’s Four pieces for clarinet and piano, op. 5), is the logical consequence of the abolition of tonality. Finally, the theme has no meaning except its tonality. It is not casual that the
“New-music” has followed Webern’s line. Because Webern was the one who used the series as an abstract constructive
principle (with athematic elaboration) opposing Schoenberg, in whose works the series coincided with the theme. Generally, the dissolution of the theme in the first atonal works of the 20th century, as well as in the last twelve-note works of Webern, means dissolution of the
“principle” (in this case the theme), which gives meaning to western
music; simultaneously, it means an effort of finding
“new meaning” in the musical works.