Abstracts of issue 3/1985 (3)

Heide Gerstenberger

Spectacle and Morality. The Archeology of the Public, presented through the History of Hamburgs First Opera House

Translation in Greek: Oly Psychopedis-Frangou
The article tells the story of Hamburgs first opera house, the Oper am Gänsemarkt, taking into account the civilization, the social and political conditions in Hamburg during the sixty years (1678-1738) of the theaters operation.
In the articles four chapters (a. Introduction to an art, b. Opera as a form of social communication in a city, c. The transformation of an art from allowance in services to a trading article, d. The crisis of opera trading in Hamburg) is attempted an analysis of the Hamburgs opera evolution from its court origins, through its transformation to a kind of trading, up to its development to a cultural institution, an outcome of the German Aufklärung (Enlightenment).
The interactions and changes that occurred during the operation of the Oper am Gänsemarkt are examined from several points of view: the politics and economy, as well as the psychology of the public and the social classes.
The article stresses on the role played by the lower classes in the formation of the modern urban public. The people, armed with imagination and revolutionary feelings, have, as it happened with the French Revolution, put into motion the historical changes to be nevertheless excluded from the new social structures.

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